Below you will find information on how to accurately cite information using APA style. This is not a comprehensive guide. For more complete information please see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association or the Purdue OWL.
Please click on one of the links below to jump to that section.
When you mention another's work or ideas in your paper, provide an in-text citation.
Paraphrased idea; Author included in signal phrase:
According to Volkow, Compton, & Wardo (2017), women who are – or are trying to become – pregnant should not use marijuana, even to treat morning sickness (p. 129).
Direct quote: Author not named in signal phrase:
"Pregnant women and those considering becoming pregnant should be advised to avoid using marijuana or other cannabinoids either recreationally or to treat nausea" (Volkow, Compton, & Wardo, 2017, p. 129).
The Reference List is a listing of all sources used in your paper.
For further information on this topic please see the APA Paper Format section of this subject guide.
Some important information to remember when formatting your APA style citations:
The basic format for citing an article is:
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyyy
Journal Article with a DOI:
Banet-Weiser, S. (2011). Convergence on the street: Rethinking the authentic/commercial binary. Cultural Studies, 25, 641-658. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09502386.2011.600553
Meyer, C. G., O'Malley, J. M., Papastamatiou, Y. P., Dale, J. J., Hutchinson, M. R., Anderson, J. M., & ... Holland, K. N. (2014). Growth and maximum size of tiger sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier) in Hawaii. Plos ONE, 9(1), 1-9. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084799
Online Journal Article with No DOI
Lindsey, D. (2010). Evaluating quality control of Wikipedia's feature articles. First Monday, 15(4). Retrieved from http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2721/2482
Journal Article from a Database with No DOI
If no DOI is given
The basic format for citing a book is:
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.
Book with a single author:
Pukui, M. K. (1995). Folktales of Hawai‘i. Honolulu, HI: Bishop Museum Press.
Book with multiple authors:
Siebert, L., Simkin, T., & Kimberly, P. (2010). Volcanoes of the world (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.
(Insert the authorʻs names in the order that they appear in the book/paper)
Sullivan, J. (2006). Hitchcock's music. Retrieved from http://site.ebrary.com/
(for online books replace "Location: Publisher" with "Retrieved from" and insert the URL)
The basic formatting for citing a webpage is:
Author, A.A. (Year, Month Date Published). Title of article. Title of Webpage. Retrieved from URL
Webpage, author named:
Flottum, K. (2013, April 2). What's killing the bees. CNN. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2013/04/02/opinion/flottum-bees-death/
Webpage, no author named:
Natural features & ecosystems. (n.d.). Kalaupapa National Historical Park (U.S. National Park Service). Retrieved from https://www.nps.gov/kala/learn/nature/naturalfeaturesandecosystems.htm
(when there is no date given use "n.d.")