Narrowing Your Topic

Think about your message…
In your paper…
WHAT are you going to
SAY about your topic?
or
What QUESTIONS are you going to ANSWER about your topic?

And how are you going to do it…
in just  (how many )  pages?

Narrowing Strategy 1: Aspect
Focus on a particular ASPECT of the topic:
 Not: Ice
 But: Psychological effects of ice

Narrowing Strategy 2: Time
Focus on your topic during a particular TIME PERIOD
Ice use
between
1990 and 2000

Narrowing Strategy 3: Type
Focus on a specific TYPE or CLASS of people or things as they relate to your topic
Female ice users

Narrowing Strategy 4: Place
Focus on a particular PLACE
    Ice use
    in Hawaii

Narrowing Strategy 5: Add Two Topics
Focus on the relationship between
TWO DIFFERENT TOPICS
Ice and unemployment

Now, a really big tip:
COMBINE different kinds of focuses:
     Relationship between unemployment and the psychological effects of ice in women in Hawaii between 1990-2000

Ok, maybe that’s going too far…
Are you really going to find enough information about the relationship between unemployment and the psychological effects of ice in women in Hawaii between 1990-2000 ?
(Probably not)

But how about this…
What can you SAY about…
   The relationship between ice use and unemployment in Hawaii from 1990 until the present
What QUESTIONS could you try to ANSWER about …
   The psychological effects of ice use by teenage girls

To Recap:
Narrow your topic by focusing on:
Aspect
Time
Type
Place
Its relationship with a second topic
A combination of two or more of the above